Today I have composed exam questions (Multiple Choice) for SVEXPHIL2, i.e. the course Examen Philosophicum for nursing students at University of Stavanger´s Department of health studies.
Virtual issue on honor of Jesper Hoffmeyer
5 months ago
UTOPISM. *** In the long run, nothing else is realistic. *** Welcome to the English language blog of Morten Tønnessen, Professor of philosophy at University of Stavanger's Department of Social Studies.
Towards Synthesis of Biology and Semiotics
Alexei Sharov, Timo Maran, Morten Tønnessen Pages 1-7
Do They Speak Language?
Lucie Čadková Pages 9-27
Language Evolution: Why Hockett’s Design Features are a Non-Starter
Sławomir Wacewicz, Przemysław Żywiczyński Pages 29-46
Why Language Evolution Needs Memory: Systems and Ecological Approaches
Anton V. Sukhoverkhov, Carol A. Fowler Pages 47-65
Hominin Language Development: A New Method of Archaeological Assessment
James Cole Pages 67-90
Evolution of signs, organisms and artifacts as phases of concrete generalization
Eliseo Fernández Pages 91-102
Protosemiosis: Agency with Reduced Representation Capacity
Alexei A. Sharov, Tommi Vehkavaara Pages 103-123
The Biosemiotic Glossary Project: Agent, Agency
Morten Tønnessen Pages 125-143
Thinking Merleau-Ponty Forward / Review of Louise Westling (2014). The Logos of the Living World: Merleau-Ponty, Animals, and Language
W. John Coletta Pages 145-151
Although some scholars consider biosemiotics predominantly as a philosophy, particularly within philosophy of biology/science, we would like to emphasize its scientific and often practical orientation. Biosemiotics can contribute to natural science, applied science and philosophy alike. Our scientific outlook does not mean, however, that we support mechanistic methodology, which currently dominates in physics, chemistry, and even in molecular biology. We believe that traditional approaches in science associated with studies of passive, isolated systems, as in physics and chemistry, should be complemented by a distinctively different study of complex agents such as living organisms and their components, people, human organizations, and technological artifacts. The radically different nature of these complex phenomena requires a substantial shift in scientific methodology. Biosemiotics considers the existence of entities that are not directly accessible for investigation (e.g., meaning, agency, goals, internal representations). It therefore seeks to identify or develop indirect methods that can help to evaluate these entities, and supports systematic approaches for their analysis. These efforts should be based on diverse heuristics, handling of multiple hypotheses, and complementarity of different descriptions as exemplified by the brief overview of papers presented in this issue (see below).